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03:13 min 14. February 2014

Are any Animals Truly Monogamous?

a lecture in English

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Created by Henry Reich
Animation: Ever Salazar
Production and Writing Team: Alex Reich, Peter Reich, Emily Elert
Music: Nathaniel Schroeder: http://www.soundcloud.com/drschroeder

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References

Barash, D. P., & Lipton, J. E. (2002). The myth of monogamy: Fidelity and infidelity in animals and people. Macmillan.

Brooked, M. G., Rowley, I., Adams, M., & Baverstock, P. R. (1990). Promiscuity: an inbreeding avoidance mechanism in a socially monogamous species?. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 26(3), 191-199.

Chapais, B. (2013). Monogamy, strongly bonded groups, and the evolution of human social structure. Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews, 22(2), 52-65.

de Waal, F. B., & Gavrilets, S. (2013). Monogamy with a purpose. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(38), 15167-15168.

Double, M., & Cockburn, A. (2000). Pre--dawn infidelity: females control extra-pair mating in superb fairy--wrens. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences, 267(1442), 465-470.

Kraaijeveld, K., Carew, P. J., Billing, T., Adcock, G. J., & Mulder, R. A. (2004). Extra‐pair paternity does not result in differential sexual selection in the mutually ornamented black swan (Cygnus atratus). Molecular Ecology, 13(6), 1625-1633.

Ophir, A. G., Phelps, S. M., Sorin, A. B., & Wolff, J. O. (2008). Social but not genetic monogamy is associated with greater breeding success in prairie voles.Animal Behaviour, 75(3), 1143-1154.

Reichard, U. (2002). Monogamy - a Variable Relationship. MaxPlanckResearch Conference Report.

Thusius, K. J., Peterson, K. A., Dunn, P. O., & Whittingham, L. A. (2001). Male mask size is correlated with mating success in the common yellowthroat.Animal Behaviour, 62(3), 435-446.

Wan, D., Chang, P., & Yin, J. (2013). Causes of extra-pair paternity and its inter-specific variation in socially monogamous birds. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 33(3), 158-166.

Webster, M. S., Tarvin, K. A., Tuttle, E. M., & Pruett‐Jones, S. (2007). Promiscuity drives sexual selection in a socially monogamous bird. Evolution,61(9), 2205-2211.

Monogamous primates: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~phyl/anthro/mating.html

Image Credits

Fairy Wren
Photo by: Wikimedia user benjamint444
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Male_and_female_superb_fairy_wren.jpg

Ducks
Photo by: Jörg Hempel
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anas_platyrhynchos_LC0193.jpg

Swans
Photo by: Richard Bartz
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cygnus_olor_flirt_edit.jpg

Parrots
Photo by: Riza Nugraha
http://www.flickr.com/photos/rnugraha/3033898918/

Male Fairy Wren
Photo by: Patrick_K59
http://www.flickr.com/photos/patrick_k59/9697721075/

Female Fairy Wren
Photo by: Patrick_K59
http://www.flickr.com/photos/patrick_k59/9570215778/

Peacock
Photo by: Simone Zuffanelli
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pavone_2.jpg?fastcci_from=178401

Siamangs
Photo by: Daniel Ramirez
http://www.flickr.com/photos/danramarch/5213304237/

Gorillas
Based on photo by: Wikimedia user No escape
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gorillafamily.JPG

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03:33 min 22. January 2015

Why Poor Places Are More Diverse

a lecture in English

Thanks to The Kwongan Foundation at the University of Western Australia for supporting this video: http://www.plants.uwa.edu.au/alumni/kwongan

MinuteEarth is now on Patreon! Please support us at: http://www.patreon.com/minuteearth

And subscribe! - http://www.youtube.com/user/minuteearth?sub_confirmation=1
________________________
Created by Henry Reich
Production and Writing Team: Alex Reich, Peter Reich, Emily Elert, Ever Salazar, Kate Yoshida, and Henry Reich
Music by Nathaniel Schroeder: http://www.soundcloud.com/drschroeder

________________________
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Facebook - http://facebook.com/minuteearth
Twitter - http://twitter.com/MinuteEarth

MinuteEarth provides an energetic and entertaining view of trends in earth's environment -- in just a few minutes!

________________________
References

Borer, ET et al. 2014. Herbivores and nutrients control grassland plant diversity via light limitation. Nature 508, 517–520

Fearon, J. 2003. Ethnic and Cultural Diversity by Country. Journal of Economic Growth 8: 195–222. doi:10.1023/A:1024419522867.

Guyana Fourth National Report to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Guyana Environmental Protection Agency 2010, 83 pages

Iyigun, M.F. and A.L. Owen. 1998. Risk, entrepreneurship, and human-capital accumulation, American Economic Review, No. 2, Papers and Proceedings 88 (2), 454-457.

Lambers, H (ed). 2014. Plant Life on the Sandplains in Southwest Australia, a Global Biodiversity Hotspot - Kwongan Matters. Publisher: University of Western Australia Publishing, Crawley. ISBN: 978-1-74258-564-2

Maffi L. 2005. Linguistic, cultural and biological diversity. Annual Review of Anthropology
Vol. 34: 599-617

Nettle, D. 1998. Explaining global patterns of language diversity. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 17(4):354--74.

New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora. 2002., CD Preston, DA Pearman, TD Dines (editors), Oxford University Press. 910 pages

Sutherland, W. J. 2003. Parallel extinction risk and global distribution of languages and species. Nature, 423:276--279.

S. Wennekers, A. van Stel, M. Carree, and R. Thurik, 2010. The Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Economic Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship 6: 167-237.

Yamada G. 1996. Urban Informal Employment and Self-Employment in Developing Countries: Theory and Evidence. ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURAL CHANGE. 44: 289-314.

IMAGE CREDITS:

Kwongan - Kwongan Foundation
http://www.plants.uwa.edu.au/alumni/kwongan

Rainforest - Bishnu Sarangi (Public Domain)
http://pixabay.com/es/selva-parque-nacional-mollem-384944/

Meadows - Wikimedia user Nikater (Public Domain)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Blumenwiese_bei_Obermaiselstein05.jpg

Forest - Hansueli Krapf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Swiss_National_Park_131.JPG

Wetland - Wikimedia user Martinsnm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Laguna01.jpg

Indian Market - Courtesy Shutterstock

Chinatown Bangkok - Yoav David
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Chinatown_Bangkok.jpg

Language and Poverty map data:
http://data.un.org/Data.aspx?d=WDI&f=Indicator_Code%3ANY.GNP.PCAP.CD
http://asjp.clld.org/

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03:22 min 21. January 2016

How Many Mass Extinctions Have There Been?

a lecture in English

Thanks to Audible for supporting this video. Get your free 30-day trial at https://www.audible.com/minuteearth

Thanks also to our Patreon patrons:
Today I Found Out, Maarten Bremer, Mark Roth, Jeff Straathof, Tony Fadell, Ahmed, Muhammad Shifaz, Vidhya Krishnaraj, Luka Leskovsek, Duhilio Patino, Alberto Bortoni, Valentin, Nicholas Buckendorf, and Antoine Coeur
___________________________________________

Want to learn more about the topic in this week’s video? Here are some keywords/phrases to get your googling started:
– Mass Extinction Event: a significant, global decrease in the diversity of life
– "Big 5": The five biggest mass extinction events since the Cambrian explosion of Life 550 million years ago
– Biodiversity Crisis: Like a mass extinction, a biodiversity crisis is a marked depletion in diversity in the fossil record. Some scientists prefer to call the late-Devonian extinction a "biodiversity crisis" because a lack of speciation contributed to the loss in diversity just as much as extinction did.
– Diversity curve: A line chart that shows the diversity of life (usually by genera, but sometimes by species or family) over time
– Lagerstatte: a deposit of sedimentary rock that contains a profound number of fossils, often with excellent preservation
– Shareholder Quorum Subsampling: A statistical method that corrects for some of the biases in the fossil record, allowing scientists to generate more accurate diversity curves
___________________________________________

Credits:
Script Writer: Emily Elert (twitter:@eelert)
Script Editor: Kate Yoshida (twitter:@KateYoshida)
Video Illustrator: Ever Salazar (twitter:@eversalazar)
Video Director: Emily Elert (twitter:@eelert)
With Contributions From: Henry Reich (twitter:@minutephysics), Alex Reich (twitter:@alexhreich), Peter Reich
Music by: Nathaniel Schroeder: http://www.soundcloud.com/drschroeder
_________________________________________

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________________________

References:

Alroy, J. (2015). Personal Communication.

Alroy, J. (2008). Dynamics of origination and extinction in the marine fossil record. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 11536-11542. Retrieved April 8, 2015, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2556405/

Alroy, J. (n.d.). Accurate and precise estimates of origination and extinction rates. Paleobiology, 40(3), 374-397. Retrieved September 20, 2015, from https://www.nceas.ucsb.edu/~alroy/pdfs/2014-Paleobiology-40-374.pdf

Benton, M. (2003). When life nearly died: The greatest mass extinction of all time. New York: Thames & Hudson.

Barrett, Paul M. (2015). Personal Communication.

Fossilworks: Gateway to the Paleobiology Database.
http://fossilworks.org/?page=paleodb

Lloyd, GT, Smith, AB and Young, JR, (2011). Quantifying the deep-sea rock and fossil record bias using coccolithophores. Geological Society Special Publication, 358 (1), 167-177.

Mcghee, G., Clapham, M., Sheehan, P., Bottjer, D., & Droser, M. (2013). A new ecological-severity ranking of major Phanerozoic biodiversity crises. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 370, 260-270.

Raup, D. (1979). Biases in the fossil record of species and genera. Bulletin of the Carnegie Museum of Natural History 13: 85–91.

Raup, D., & Sepkoski, J. (1982). Mass Extinctions in the Marine Fossil Record. Science, 215(4539), 1501-1503.

Vermeij, GJ. (2015). Personal Communication.

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02:59 min 7. February 2014

Where Did Earth's Water Come From?

a lecture in English

This video sponsored by Tab for a Cause: http://www.tabforacause.org?r=3

Please support MinuteEarth on Patreon: https://goo.gl/ZVgLQZ
And subscribe! http://goo.gl/EpIDGd

Earth didn't have water when it formed, but it does now! How did it get wet?

Created by Henry Reich
Animation: Ever Salazar
Production and Writing Team: Alex Reich, Peter Reich, Emily Elert
Music: Nathaniel Schroeder: http://www.soundcloud.com/drschroeder

Want to add captions to MinuteEarth videos? - minuteearth.subtitl.us

MinuteEarth is available as a free iTunes podcast! - https://goo.gl/sfwS6n

Facebook - http://facebook.com/minuteearth
Twitter - http://twitter.com/MinuteEarth

MinuteEarth provides an energetic and entertaining view of trends in earth's environment -- in just a few minutes!

References
Campbell, I. H., & O'Neill, H. S. C. (2012). Evidence against a chondritic Earth.Nature, 483(7391), 553-558.

Drake, M. J. (2005). Origin of water in the terrestrial planets. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 40(4), 519-527.

Greenwood, J. P., Itoh, S., Sakamoto, N., Warren, P., Taylor, L., & Yurimoto, H. (2011). Hydrogen isotope ratios in lunar rocks indicate delivery of cometary water to the Moon. Nature Geoscience, 4(2), 79-82.

Hauri, E. H. (2013). Planetary science: Traces of ancient lunar water. Nature Geoscience, 6(3), 159-160.

Marty, B. (2012). The origins and concentrations of water, carbon, nitrogen and noble gases on Earth. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 313, 56-66.

Pepin, R. O. (2006). Atmospheres on the terrestrial planets: Clues to origin and evolution. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 252(1), 1-14.

Robert, F. (2001). The origin of water on Earth. Science, 293(5532), 1056-1058.

Robert, F. (2011). Planetary science: A distinct source for lunar water?. Nature Geoscience, 4(2), 74-75.

Saal, A. E., Hauri, E. H., Van Orman, J. A., & Rutherford, M. J. (2013). Hydrogen Isotopes in Lunar Volcanic Glasses and Melt Inclusions Reveal a Carbonaceous Chondrite Heritage. Science, 340(6138), 1317-1320.

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06:20 min 9. July 2015

The Death Of Bees Explained – Parasites, Poison and Humans

a lecture in English

In 2015 the bees are still dying in masses. Which at first seems not very important until you realize that one third of all food humans consume would disappear with them. Millions could starve. The foes bees face are truly horrifying – some are a direct consequence of human greed. We need to help our small buzzing friends or we will face extremely unpleasant consequences.

Check out THE NOVA PROJECT: www.nova.org.au

You can make subtitles for the video here: http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_video?v=GqA42M4RtxE

Videos, explaining things. Like evolution, time, space, global energy or our existence in this strange universe.
We are a team of designers, journalists and musicians who want to make science look beautiful. Because it is beautiful.

You can get the MUSIC for the video here:

https://soundcloud.com/epicmountain/bees

https://epicmountainmusic.bandcamp.com/track/bees

http://www.epic-mountain.com

Visit us on our Website, Twitter, Facebook, Patreon or Behance to say hi!

http://kurzgesagt.org
https://www.facebook.com/Kurzgesagt
https://twitter.com/Kurz_Gesagt
http://www.patreon.com/Kurzgesagt
http://www.behance.net/Kurzgesagt

THANKS A LOT TO OUR LOVELY PATRONS FOR SUPPORTING US:

Nathan Ardoin, Collin Rudkin, Karantor, Wesley Alexander, Alpaca Belle, william töyrä, Jasen Tamiia, Heeyun Chung, Ethan Wriston, Hoi-Fung, David Wilson, Morgan Rigby, Harrison Bross, Jacob Ash, lukas hulting, Katharine Foster, Nick Ingenito, Adithi Pandit, David Walsh, Oliver, gianmaria nicolis, Swaroop Narayan Manjunath, beeweasd, Giacomo Bersani, Evan Wilson, Matthew Fey, Nicholas Romano, Franco, Andrew Rehkopf, Tyler O'Connor, Fabi, Wait But Why, Brian, Carlos Rubio Abujas, Weronika Falkowska, Aaron, Carlos Carrasco, Christopher Setiobudi, Callum Howells
Luke Kutschinski, Geoffrey Lee, Brian David Henderson, Sébastien Blanchet, Stefan Ghizelea, Chris Smith, Sofian Madi, Jay Kidd, James Khoo, Eugene Foss, Spencer Clark, Robert Varasciuc, THEGURUDK, Erika Marks, Aurelien Gouny, Romi Kuntsman, Harry, Nicolas Huguet-Latour, Simon Thibodeau, Michael, Marc Dumont, Yeonghoon Park, Samuel Pacheco, Dave Hng, Mikkel Jespersen, Jerome Dimaano, Danylo Bozhagora, ryandelsol, Anton Sterenborg, Mason Y, Simon Welker, Demian Rosenblatt, Julius Hofman, Richard Harrison, Daniel P, Reinaldo Mizutani, Emil, A Patron, Þorsteinn Sævar Hjartarson, Davy Corbett, Veselin Kostadinov, Darth Hawke

The death of bees explained – Colony Collapse disorder

Help us caption & translate this video!

http://amara.org/v/Go0X/

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05:50 min 3. December 2013

Episode 8: Back in the U.S.

a documentary in English

How did this experience change our perspectives on poverty and what is the role of our generation as global citizens?

Find more resources and take action at: http://bit.ly/BackintheUS

Having survived the two months, we have to say goodbye to our new friends in Peña Blanca. Coming home, its hard to get used to our lifestyles back in the U.S.. How can we make a difference for the people we left back in Peña Blanca? Starting small, we begin to use our story to inspire other students that they can follow their own passions and that together, we can change the world.

Executive Producers
Mike Lang
David Doss
Jeff Klein

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02:21 min 7. July 2008

Collision (by Max Hattler)

an experimental film in no language

Max Hattler's multi-award winning abstract political short film, in HD. Islamic patterns and American quilts and the colours and geometry of flags as an abstract field of reflection.

Project page with more info, all awards and screenings: http://www.maxhattler.com/collision
Like: http://www.facebook.com/maxhattler

© 2005

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01:33 min 3. July 2015

Rad.co - Be Yourself Ad (us version)

a commercial in no language

Rad.co is one of the fastest growing e-commerce selling cool fashion products and working along with the best creatives from around the world. To date, 1000+ brands and designers from over 20 countries have partnered with Rad.

Shop online at http://www.rad.co/

Instagram: http://instagram.com/rad
Twitter: http://twitter.com/radshop
Facebook: http://facebook.com/rad

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02:49 min 23. February 2015

THE SCIENCE OF DEPRESSION

a lecture in English

The feelings are real, and the effects aren't always just mental, you can actually feel them in a physical sense too. This is the Science Of Depression.

// IF YOU NEED HELP //
http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/
http://www.freedomfromfear.org/FindingTreatment.en.html

Happiness video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B19g3oXTD5I

Click here to see more videos: http://www.m301.me/lifenoggin

Life Noggin is a weekly animated educational series. Whether it's science, pop culture, history or art, we explore it all and have a ton of fun doing it.

Follow Us!
https://twitter.com/LifeNoggin
https://facebook.com/LifeNoggin
https://www.LifeNoggin

Life Noggin Team:
Animation & Designed by: http://www.krofl.com
Voiced by: http://youtube.com/patdoesit
Written by: https://www.youtube.com/AwkwardAdoles...
Produced by: http://www.twitter.com/IanDokie

Sources:
http://www.health.harvard.edu/mind-and-mood/what-causes-depression
http://psychcentral.com/news/2010/07/21/decreased-perception-of-color-in-depression/15826.html
http://www.livescience.com/9965-depressed-people-gray-world.html

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10:38 min 2. February 2015

Le Gouffre

a narrative film in French

An inspiring tale about friendship, sacrifice and conquering the impossible.

www.legouffre.com

Interested in supporting us and our next projects? Here's how you can help!
http://legouffre.com/support/

Curious about how we made the film? Watch our Making-Of, "the Journey Behind Le Gouffre"!
https://vimeo.com/118472904

- ABOUT THE FILM -

Le Gouffre is the first animated short film produced and directed by Lightning Boy Studio, a young creative team based in Montreal. The film tells the story of two spirited travelers who come across an incredibly wide chasm on their journey and decide to build a bridge to cross it. Released in February 2015, the project had first gained a lot of attention following the huge success of its Kickstarter campaign, which allowed the creators to finance the movie's post-production. Many were impressed by the passion and determination of the small team of three animators, who spent more than two full years creating the 10-minute film.

As of now, Le Gouffre has been selected in more than 60 festivals around the world and won nine awards, four of them for "Best Animated Short".

- CREDITS -

Directed by : Carl Beauchemin, Thomas Chrétien, David Forest
Music : Dan Cullen, Deryn Cullen
Foley and Sound Design : Mark Donis
Animation and Rigging : Carl Beauchemin
Art Direction and Animation : David Forest
Visual Effects and Compositing : Thomas Chrétien
Voice Actors : Nicolas Charbonneaux, Charles-André Gaudreau, Élisabeth Forest
Final Sound Mixing : Jean-Pierre Bissonnette
Online : Birck Fulham

- AWARDS -

Best CG Animation Short
3D World Magazine CG Awards 2015

Award of Excellence in Filmmaking or Screenwriting
Canada International Film Festival 2015

Jury Special Prize
Cinéma des Peuples Festival 2014

Best Animation
Harlem International Film Festival 2014

Best Animation
San Jose International Short Film Festival 2014

Best Animation
Youngcuts Film Festival 2014

Audience Favorite
SPASM Festival 2014

Audience Favorite
Animated Short - 2nd Place
Palm Springs International ShortFest 2014

Best Visual Effects
Golden Orchid International Animation Festival 2014

- THE TEAM-

Lightning Boy Studio was born in 2012 out of a shared passion : to tell great stories. The three founders met in animation school in 2009 and have dreamed ever since to be able to work together on projects of their own. Le Gouffre is the result of their first collaboration. The team is now working on a new idea for an animated feature film and is looking for partners and investors to join in on this adventure.

CONTACT: info­@legouffre.com
FACEBOOK: www.facebook.com/filmlegouffre

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28:53 min 7. January 2011

D-I-M, Deus In Machina - Science Fiktion Kurzfilm

a narrative film in German

In einer Welt, die so makellos, nüchtern und kalt ist, wie ihr Einheitsdesign, ist für einen Träumer wie Lutz kein Platz. Mit dem Mut der Verzweiflung und einer gehörigen Portion Fantasie trotzt er einem grausamen Schicksal um sich sein ganz persönliches Happy End zu erkämpfen.

eine Rickebros. Produktion
gefördert durch die Filmstiftung NRW

David Winter
Reinhart Firchow
Volker Lippmann
Kamera: Patrick Waldmann
Setdesign: Thorsten Franzen
Kostümdesign: Dorothée von Rosenberg-Lipinsky
Musik und Sound: Marc Meester
Regie und Drehbuch: Axel und Henning Ricke

www.d-i-m.de

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03:08 min 13. May 2014

What I Am (short film)

a narrative film in English

Track: Wandering Star - Portishead

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06:25 min 3. September 2013

Episode 2: Water From A Pipe?

a report in English

How big of an effect could not having clean water nearby have on your life?

After finding that the closest source of water is a plastic pipe coming out of the side of a hill, we aren't sure if its safe to drink. Two weeks later, Chris is lying sick and immobile on the dirt floor and we're not sure if we be able to afford the cost of a doctor or medicine. Is not having clean water really that big of a problem for our neighbors here? What about around the world?

Take action and find more resources on the Change Series website: http://www.livingonone.org/changeseries

Produced by Living on One

Directed by Hannah Gregg
Illustrations by Hannah Gregg
Edited by Sean Leonard
Narration by Chris Temple

Executive Producers
Mike Lang
David Doss
Jeff Klein

Translation:
Spanish by Cecilia Toscana
Portuguese by Douglas Braz

Music Credits:
Rhian Sheehan - "Darkness"
Rhian Sheehan - "Still"
Rhian Sheehan - "Leaving Earth"
Thomas Newman - "Nemo Egg"

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09:17 min 31. October 2013

Tightening Our Belts

a narrative film in English

Suburbanites, Steve and Mary, are great cooks. And they love to
show off their skills with sharp kitchen knives. That's unfortunate for the young boy bound and gagged in their bathroom. A few blocks away, Bill, the boy's father, scours their affluent neighborhood in search of his son. It's Halloween - he could be anywhere.

Official selection - Telluride Horror Show (Telluride, CO) ~ Mayhem Horror Fest (Nottingham, UK) ~ Tuscon Terror Fest (Tuscon, AZ)

A behind the scenes look at the making of Tightening Our Belts - https://vimeo.com/43639734

Directed By
Jordan Shankman

Original Screenplay By
Michael Voyer

Producers
Molly Mayo & Nicholas Reichard

Director of Photography, Editor, Colorist & End Title Sequence Designer
Austin Rink

Production Designer
Erin Murphy

Costume Designer
Lily Shepherd

Shot on the Sony PMW-F3

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10:07 min 11. September 2013

Distraction

a narrative film in English

A young writer. A prostitute. An old desert motel. All stories need an ending and all endings need a beginning.

"Distraction" is a short film noir that focuses on the fragile psyche of a writer who's sole desire is to finish his screenplay while learning that the beginning is always easier to write than the end.

Writer/Director/Executive Producer
Stephen Schuster

Producers
John Corser
Torie Schuster
Kurt Stevens

Production Company
Corser, Inc

Casting Director
Chad Ritterbach

Cast (In Order of Appearance)

Ethan - Ross Steeves
Angel - Jolene Andersen
Ethan's Boss - Edward L. Green
Raven - Ty Merchant
Destiny - Kerstin Lechner
Inn Keeper - Larrs Jackson
Sheriff Wilson - Christopher Warner
Sheriff Smith - Joshua Bevier
Police Dispatch - Tera Lecuona

Shoot Crew

DP  -  Kurt Stevens
1st AC/DI Tech  -  Brian Robbins
2nd Unit DP  -  Alvaro Navarro
2nd Unit AC/DI Tech  -  Cid Salcido
DIT MGMT  -  Kevin Natera
Gaffer  -  Josh Day
Key Grip  -  Chad Herr
Key Rig  -  Aaron Knoke
Best Boy Grip  -  Nic Larsen
Best Boy Electric  -  Brian Sicotte
Grip & Electric  -  Rafael Lopez
Grip & Electric  -  Andre Hollins
G & E Driver  -  Mike Bryant
Art Director  -  Mungai Nguku
Key Wardrobe - Eleanor Estes
Wardrobe Assistant  -  Ashley Sinclair
Hair/Make-up  -  Shauna O’Toole
SFX Make-up - Anna Bratton
Sound Mixer/Boom  -  Scott Tipton
Location Manager  -  Frank Basulyo
Production Assistant  -  Trevor Coulson

Post Production

Editor - Kirk Smith

Digital Sets and Compositing - There
Visual FX Supervisor for There - Elliott Jobe

Additional Visual Effects - Dror Revach

Additional Visual Effects - Jason Mortimer

Color - Incendio
Colorist - Clark Muller
Producer for Incendio - Christina Caldwell

Original Music - Matthew Wilcock & Aleah Morrison
Sound Design - Matthew Wilcock / Zelig Sound
Dubbing Mix - Matthew Wilcock / Zelig Sound

ADR Recording - Mic Brooling

Special thanks to Guillermo Navarro for his support and contribution to this film.

Shot on RED Epic.